Side Effects of Cancer Treatments

There are a few types of treatments

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Stem Cell Transplant
  • Targeted Therapies
  • Supportive Care
  • Holistic Care

Types of Childhood Cancer

  • Leukaemia & Lymphoma
  • Solid Tumour
  • Brain Tumour

3 Types of Side Effects

  • Acute General
  • Acute Specific
  • Coping

Side Effect #1 – Acute General

  • Hair Loss
  • Vomiting / Nausea
  • Poor Feeding / Weight Loss
  • Oral Ulcers / Diarrhoea / Mucositis
  • Bone Marrow Suppression (Resulting in decreasing of HB counts, WBC (ANC) & Platelets)
  • Febrile Neutropenia (A medical emergency resulting Low WBC and High Fever)

Side Effects #2 – Acute Specific

  • Mood Swings
  • Neuropathy
  • Coagulation Disturbance
  • Raised Intra-Ocular Pressure
  • Renal Tubular Toxicity
  • Hemorrhagic Cystitis
  • Cardiac Toxicity
  • Pancreatitis
  • Renal Toxicity
  • Seizures
  • Allergic Reactions (Pigmentation, Swollen Eye, Rashes)

Side Effects #3 – Coping

  • Child
  • Parents
  • Friends
  • School
  • Society

Late Effects of Cancer Treatments

  • Neurocognitive Function
  • Hormonal Function
  • Eyes (Cataracts)
  • Bone Growth
  • Neuropathy (Vincristine)
  • Hearing Toxicity (Crisplatin)
  • Renal Toxicity
  • Renal Tubular Toxicity (Kidney Functions)
  • Cardiac Toxicity (Heart Scan)
  • Sub-Fertility / Infertility
  • 2nd Cancer (Treatments Related. Cancer Predisposing Condition)
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